CMAs and Census Agglomerations: Here you will find data on the larger centres in Nova Scotia. (Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 National Household Survey*), with census information on aboriginal people, immigrants, labor, housing, etc.
Here you will find Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population estimates (these are the smaller population areas). (Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 National Household Survey*)
Some town data is available here. This is a US site that has collected Statistics Canada data.
The Nova Scotia Health Atlas allows you to visually map or download the distribution across the province of Aboriginal people, single parents, people over 65, people living alone, people with less than a Grade 12 education, and people with low income, and to sort this data by male or female.
Fairly well organized census data from Statistics Canada (2011)* , at the provincial level, can be found here.
This data is broken down by numerous categories, including aboriginal people, immigrants, labor, housing, etc.
The Nova Scotia Department of Finance has a Statistics website that provides for a number of provincial level economic and job related statistics. The information actually comes with contact information so you can contact a human and ask a question which is really nice.
It includes statistics on Income, income distribution, economic outlook, and labour force, as well as a number of one-off studies
For those with analytic skills, the Nova Scotia Open Data project has a number of interesting data sets that you can download and analyze yourself. Even if you don’t have these skills, its worth searching for something relevant to what you need—the data is organized by government department.
For instance, for social services, there are 533 data sets that range from numbers of adults and youth in correctional facilities to graduation rates by school board to census information on religion to Nova Scotia Government Employee absenteeism rates.
Business information include statistics on anything that requires permits or licences. For instance, there are economic statistics by municipality, and Roads and Transport provides information on highway volumes.
*Much of the 2011 Statistics Canada data has been recently updated, and can be found here.